Barack Obama did not travel to Paris to meet Emmanuel Macron. He was in fact invited by Les Napoléons, a small committee of French businesspeople who invest in covert diplomacy.
On December 2, 2017, a date that marks the anniversary of the Battle of Austerlitz, Barack Obama was received at the Elysée Palace by Emmanuel Macron. The reasons for this quick, discreet, and unpublicized visit remain unclear, but certain details eventually came to light. The former U.S. president was actually invited by a communications group, a "social network" that organizes high-level conferences in Paris, Val-d’Isère, and Arles. This group chose the immodest name of Les Napoléons and its 3,000 members are neither volunteers nor philanthropists. It co [...]