Mother’s Day in the U.S. was started in a Methodist church in West Virginia in 1908 by a parishioner, Anna Jarvis, who wanted to honor all mothers, starting with her own. As an activist close to the traditions of the suffragettes and the temperance movement, Anna Jarvis succeeded in imposing the day as a national celebration in 1914, following a decision from Congress. But the story doesn’t end there, as business soon took up the torch from religion. Sellers of roses and greeting cards went on to exploit the celebration to the point of obliging the public to buy their products. Today, Mother’s Day generates 50% of earnings for U.S. greeting card companies.
In France, Marshall Pétain is often credited with the creation of la Fête des Mères in 1942, but this is not entirely accurate. Several French regions traditionally celebrated mothers of large families from the 1920s onwards, most probably to compensate for the losses in World War I and to secularize the cult of the Virgin Mary. However, we can thank Pétain, with his ideology of “Travail, Famille, Patrie” (Work, Family, Homeland), for transforming it into a national celebration that subsists today. Many institutions from the Vichy government were continued by the subsequent French Republic, and la Fête des Mères in France was made official in 1950 by the mainly conservative National Assembly.
In both our countries, the origins of Mother’s Day and la Fête des Mères have been forgotten, which is a shame. The custom still remains, but it would be wonderful if everyone would add a little extra affection.